MVDr. Adela

Snokhousova,

CertAVP(ES-O),

MRCVS,

IVCA certified in

veterinary chiropractic

 

Based at:

East Kent Equine Ltd

 

21 Mill Road

Deal CT14 9AH

 

equinechiro

@hotmail.co.uk

 

01304 364648

07572 661403

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

www.equinechiro-vet.co.uk Logo

Chiropractic care for horses

Reduced mobility between two vertebrae can affect the nerves that leave the spinal cord between these adjacent vertebrae.

Negative alteration in the nerve’s function can lead to interference in the flow of stimuli or information, which is necessary for smooth coordination of body functions and muscle contractions.

Every movement, from a slight twitch of the tail to the complicated piaffe in dressage is made possible by synchronizing many muscles. If the function of the nerve fibers, which innervate these muscles, is altered, coordination deteriorates.

Small disturbances are usually only caused by a slight interference; however, they can keep the animal from performing at its best in daily routine as well as in demanding exercises.

Missteps resulting from lack of coordination may cause injury to other joints and tendons or ligaments in the legs.

An animal will change its posture to compensate for the restricted mobility of its spine and to avoid pain. This triggers increased mechanical strain on other parts of the spine and extremity joints, causing secondary restrictions and deterioration of the condition.

 

What are the symptoms?

Animals with back pain often express this in their posture or in their refusal to work.

The animals attempts to compensate for the pain by changing its posture and way of going can result in other problems such as joint changes.

 

             The following symptoms in a horse may indicate back pain:

             • Reduced performance

             • Abnormal posture

             • Snapping and pinning back its ears when being saddled

             • Insubordination when being ridden

             • The attempt to free itself by throwing its head back or up or by  

               hollowing the back

• Swishing its tail and pinning back its ears

• Disobedience when jumping

• Difficulties with collected or lateral gaits

• Changes in behavior

• Frightened or painful facial expression

• Sensitivity to touch

 

 

 

Restriction of motion in the spine can affect muscle coordination and mobility of the horse, thereby causing decreased performance.

The following symptoms may occur:

• Unleveled gait rhythm

• Irregularity of gait which cannot be assigned to a particular leg or gait

• Stiffness when the horse leaves the stable

• Stiffness when bending and in its general posture

• Muscular atrophy

• Brushing or interfering

• Difficulty engaging the hindquarters

• Difficulty working “long and low”

• Shortened stride in one or more legs

• Overall decreased range of motion in gait

• Difficulty flexing the poll

• Lameness

• Horse pulls against one rein

• Rider is seated off centre due to the horse

• The back does not swing

 

 

 

A major effect of a spinal restriction can be impairment to the flow of information in the nerves which exit the spinal cord between the vertebrae. As these nerves innervate the skin, certain glands and blood vessels, such neurological disturbance can lead to the following symptoms:

• Unusual itching at the base of the tail or other parts of the body

• Increased sensitivity to heat and cold

• Asymmetrical or reduced perspiration

 

How can a vertebral restriction be corrected ?

When a chiropractor or veterinarian, professionally trained in animal chiropractic, identifies a restriction, he or she aims to restore mobility to the facet joints.

This is achieved via a quick, short thrust along the plane of the joint. This is called an adjustment.

 

The adjustment is a very specific, high speed, low force maneuver that moves the affected joint beyond the normal physiological articular range of movement, without exceeding the boundaries of anatomical integrity. It is done by placing the hands directly on the affected vertebra (previously identified in the examination). Only affected vertebrae are adjusted.

 

Even though horses have a very large, thick muscle mass over the spine, the vertebral joints are flexible and relatively easy to manipulate with minimal force. If the correct technique is used the ligaments are not adversely affected.